Introduction to Philosophy

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About this course: This course will introduce you to some of the main areas of research in contemporary philosophy. Each module a different philosopher will talk you through some of the most important questions and issues in their area of expertise. We’ll begin by trying to understand what philosophy is – what are its characteristic aims and methods, and how does it differ from other subjects? Then we’ll spend the rest of the course gaining an introductory overview of several different areas of philosophy. Topics you’ll learn about will include: Epistemology, where we’ll consider what our knowledge of the world and ourselves consists in, and how we come to have it; Philosophy of science…

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When you enroll for courses through Coursera you get to choose for a paid plan or for a free plan

  • Free plan: No certicification and/or audit only. You will have access to all course materials except graded items.
  • Paid plan: Commit to earning a Certificate—it's a trusted, shareable way to showcase your new skills.

About this course: This course will introduce you to some of the main areas of research in contemporary philosophy. Each module a different philosopher will talk you through some of the most important questions and issues in their area of expertise. We’ll begin by trying to understand what philosophy is – what are its characteristic aims and methods, and how does it differ from other subjects? Then we’ll spend the rest of the course gaining an introductory overview of several different areas of philosophy. Topics you’ll learn about will include: Epistemology, where we’ll consider what our knowledge of the world and ourselves consists in, and how we come to have it; Philosophy of science, where we’ll investigate foundational conceptual issues in scientific research and practice; Philosophy of Mind, where we’ll ask questions about what it means for something to have a mind, and how minds should be understood and explained; Political Philosophy, where we'll investigate whether we have an obligation to obey the law; Moral Philosophy, where we’ll attempt to understand the nature of our moral judgements and reactions – whether they aim at some objective moral truth, or are mere personal or cultural preferences, and; Metaphysics, where we’ll think through some fundamental conceptual questions about free will and the nature of reality. The development of this MOOC has been led by the University of Edinburgh's Eidyn research centre. To accompany 'Introduction to Philosophy', we are pleased to announce a tie-in book from Routledge entitled 'Philosophy for Everyone'. This course companion to the 'Introduction to Philosophy' course was written by the Edinburgh Philosophy team expressly with the needs of MOOC students in mind. 'Philosophy for Everyone' contains clear and user-friendly chapters, chapter summaries, glossary, study questions, suggestions for further reading and guides to online resources. Please click "Start Here" and navigate to the "Optional Reading" page for more information.

Created by:  The University of Edinburgh
  • Taught by:  Dr. Dave Ward, Lecturer in Philosophy

    University of Edinburgh
  • Taught by:  Professor Duncan Pritchard, Professor of Philosophy

    University of Edinburgh
  • Taught by:   Professor Michela Massimi, Full Professor

    Philosophy
  • Taught by:  Dr. Suilin Lavelle, Lecturer in Philosophy

    University of Edinburgh
  • Taught by:  Dr. Matthew Chrisman, Reader in Philosophy

    Philosophy
  • Taught by:  Dr. Allan Hazlett

  • Taught by:  Dr. Alasdair Richmond, Dr.

    Philosophy
  • Taught by:  Guy Fletcher, Lecturer

    Philosophy
  • Taught by:  Elinor Mason, Senior Lecturer

    Philosophy
Language English, Subtitles: Chinese (Simplified), Vietnamese, Dutch, Turkish, Hebrew, Spanish, Romanian How To Pass Pass all graded assignments to complete the course. User Ratings 4.6 stars Average User Rating 4.6See what learners said Travail en cours

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Syllabus


WEEK 1


What is Philosophy?



(Dr. Dave Ward) We’ll start the course by thinking about what Philosophy actually is: what makes it different from other subjects? What are its distinctive aims and methods? We'll also think about why the questions that philosophers attempt to answer are often thought to be both fundamental and important, and have a look at how philosophy is actually practiced. Finally, we'll briefly touch upon two very influential philosophers' answers to the question of how we can know whether, in any given case, there really is a right way of thinking about things.


4 videos, 3 readings, 1 practice quiz expand


  1. Lecture: About this Course
  2. Lecture: Module: What is Philosophy?
  3. Video: Introduction: What is Philosophy?
  4. Video: Philosophy: Difficult, Important and Everywhere
  5. Lecture: Optional Reading
  6. Video: Philosophy: How Do We Do It?
  7. Video: Is There A 'Right Way' To Think About Things?
  8. Quiz pour s'exercer: Practice: What is Philosophy?

Graded: What is Philosophy?

WEEK 2


Morality: Objective, Relative or Emotive?



(Dr. Matthew Chrisman) We all live with some sense of what is good or bad, some feelings about which ways of conducting ourselves are better or worse. But what is the status of these moral beliefs, senses, or feelings? Should we think of them as reflecting hard, objective facts about our world, of the sort that scientists could uncover and study? Or should we think of moral judgements as mere expressions of personal or cultural preferences? In this module we’ll survey some of the different options that are available when we’re thinking about these issues, and the problems and prospects for each.


4 videos, 1 reading, 1 practice quiz expand


  1. Lecture: Module: Morality: Objective, Emotive or Relative?
  2. Video: The Status of Morality
  3. Video: Objectivism, Relativism and Emotivism
  4. Video: Objections to Objectivism, Relativism and Emotivism
  5. Video: Further Discussion
  6. Quiz pour s'exercer: Practice: Morality: Objective, Relative or Emotive?


What is Knowledge? And Do We Have Any?



(Professor Duncan Pritchard) We know a lot of things – or, at least, we think we do. Epistemology is the branch of philosophy that studies knowledge; what it is, and the ways we can come to have it. In this module, we’ll take a tour through some of the issues that arise in this branch of philosophy. In particular, we’ll think about what radical scepticism means for our claims to knowledge. How can we know something is the case if we’re unable to rule out possibilities that are clearly incompatible with it?


5 videos, 1 reading, 1 practice quiz expand


  1. Lecture: Module: What is Knowledge? And Do We Have Any?
  2. Video: The Basic Constituents of Knowledge
  3. Video: The Classical Account of Knowledge and the Gettier Problem
  4. Video: Do We Have Any Knowledge?
  5. Video: Further Discussion 1
  6. Video: Further Discussion 2
  7. Quiz pour s'exercer: Practice: What is Knowledge? And Do We Have Any?


Week 2 review





    Graded: Morality: Objective, Relative or Emotive?

    WEEK 3


    Do We Have an Obligation to Obey the Law?



    (Dr. Guy Fletcher) The laws of a state govern what we can and cannot do within that state. But do we have an obligation to obey those laws? In this module, we'll discuss this question, together with some of the main positions that philosophers have developed in response to it. We'll start off by examining what obeying the law means exactly. Then we'll look at three factors that might form the basis of an obligation to follow the law. Finally, we'll discuss what the consequences might be if the problem can't be solved.


    7 videos, 1 reading, 1 practice quiz expand


    1. Lecture: Module: Do We Have an Obligation to Obey the Law?
    2. Video: Do You Have an Obligation to Obey the Law?
    3. Video: The Grounds of Political Obligation
    4. Video: Gratitude and Benefit
    5. Video: Consent
    6. Video: Fairness
    7. Video: What if the Problem Can't Be Solved?
    8. Video: Summary
    9. Quiz pour s'exercer: Practice: Do We Have an Obligation to Obey the Law?


    Should You Believe What You Hear?



    (Dr. Allan Hazlett) Much of what we think about the world we believe on the basis of what other people say. But is this trust in other people's testimony justified? In this module, we’ll investigate how this question was addressed by two great philosophers of the Scottish Enlightenment, David Hume (1711 - 1776) and Thomas Reid (1710 - 1796). Hume and Reid's dispute about testimony represents a clash between two worldviews that would continue to clash for centuries: a skeptical and often secular worldview, eager to question everything (represented by Hume), and a conservative and often religious worldview, keen to defend common sense (represented by Reid).


    5 videos, 1 reading, 1 practice quiz expand


    1. Lecture: Module: Should You Believe What You Hear?
    2. Video: Introduction: Hume on Testimony and Miracles
    3. Video: Reid's Challenge to Hume
    4. Video: Reid's Argument
    5. Video: Kant, the Enlightenment and Intellectual Autonomy
    6. Video: The Value of Intellectual Autonomy
    7. Quiz pour s'exercer: Practice: Should You Believe What You Hear?


    Week 3 review





      Graded: Do We Have an Obligation to Obey the Law?

      WEEK 4


      Minds, Brains and Computers



      (Dr. Suilin Lavelle) If you’re reading this, then you’ve got a mind. But what is a mind, and what does it take to have one? Should we understand minds as sets of dispositions to behave in certain ways, as patterns of neural activation, or as akin to programmes that are run on the computational hardware of our brains? In this module, we’ll look at how and why recent philosophy of mind and psychology has embraced each of these options in turn, and think about the problems and prospects for each.


      7 videos, 1 reading, 1 practice quiz expand


      1. Lecture: Module: Mind, Brains and Computers
      2. Video: Descartes' Substance Dualism Theory of the Mind
      3. Video: Physicalism: Identity Theory and Functionalism
      4. Video: Functionalism and What Mental States Do
      5. Video: Functionalism and Functional Complexity
      6. Video: Minds vs. Machines: The Turing Test and the Chinese Room
      7. Video: Minds vs. Machines: Problems for the Computational View of the Mind
      8. Video: Further Discussion
      9. Quiz pour s'exercer: Practice: Minds, Brains and Computers


      Are Scientific Theories True?



      (Professor Michela Massimi) In this module we will explore a central and ongoing debate in contemporary philosophy of science: whether or not scientific theories are true. Or better, whether a scientific theory needs to be 'true' to be good at all. The answer to this question comes in two main varieties. Scientific realists believe that theories ought to be true in order to be good. We will analyse their main argument for this claim (which goes under the name of 'no miracles argument'), and some prominent objections to it. Scientific antirealists, on the other hand, defend the view that there is nothing special about 'truth' and that scientific theories and scientific progress can be understood without appeal to it. The aim of this session is to present both views, their main arguments, and prospects.


      7 videos, 1 reading, 1 practice quiz expand


      1. Lecture: Module: Are Scientific Theories True?
      2. Video: The Aim of Science: Saving the Phenomena vs. Truth
      3. Video: Saving the Phenomena? Ptolemeic Astronomy
      4. Video: Truth? Galileo and Copernican Astronomy
      5. Video: Scientific Realism and the No Miracles Argument
      6. Video: Scientific Anti-Realism: Constructive Empiricism
      7. Video: Realist Rejoinders: Inference to the Best Explanation
      8. Video: Concluding Summary
      9. Quiz pour s'exercer: Practice: Are Scientific Theories True?


      Week 4 review





        Graded: Minds, Brains and Computers

        WEEK 5


        Do We Have Free Will and Does It Matter?



        (Dr. Elinor Mason) We typically feel that the actions that we make are the result of our own free choices. But what if those actions are simply the end result of a long chain of cause and effect? What does this mean for free will? In this module, we'll look at the concept of determinism. In particular, we'll consider the implications that determinism might have for the notion of free will.


        5 videos, 1 reading, 1 practice quiz expand


        1. Lecture: Module: Do We Have Free Will? Does it Matter?
        2. Video: What is Determinism?
        3. Video: Libertarianism
        4. Video: Compatibilism
        5. Video: Hard Determinism
        6. Video: Summary
        7. Quiz pour s'exercer: Practice: Do We Have Free Will and Does It Matter?


        Time Travel and Philosophy



        (Dr. Alasdair Richmond) In this module we'll think about some issues in metaphysics, a branch of philosophy that investigates the ways that reality could intelligibly be. Our case study will be the possibility, or otherwise, of time-travel. Some have thought that the apparent possibility of creating a machine that we could use to transport a person backwards in time can be ruled out just by thinking about it. But is time-travel really logically impossible? What would the universe have to be like for it to be possible? And can we know whether our universe fits the bill?


        6 videos, 1 reading, 1 practice quiz expand


        1. Lecture: Module: Time Travel and Philosophy
        2. Video: What Might Time Travel Be Anyway?
        3. Video: Grandfather Paradoxes
        4. Video: Two Senses of Change
        5. Video: Causal Loops
        6. Video: Where Next?
        7. Video: Further Discussions
        8. Quiz pour s'exercer: Practice: Time Travel and Philosophy


        Week 5 review





          Graded: Do We Have Free Will and Does It Matter?

          Peer review



          1 item expand


          1. Examen par les pairs: Peer Review
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