Anatomy of the Abdomen and Pelvis; a journey from basis to clinic.

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Description

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About this course: In this anatomy course you will explore the organs involved in our food digestion and discover the common causes of abdominal and pelvic pain. The latest graphics and animations will help you to find new insights and understanding of this part of the body, that has been the focus of anatomical research for centuries and presently arouses renewed scientific interest. You will explore the 3D anatomy of the organs from a basic level, providing thorough anatomical understanding, to its advanced application in surgical procedures. This course will challenge you to discover and help you to understand the anatomy of the abdomen and pelvis in all its aspects, ranging from its…

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When you enroll for courses through Coursera you get to choose for a paid plan or for a free plan

  • Free plan: No certicification and/or audit only. You will have access to all course materials except graded items.
  • Paid plan: Commit to earning a Certificate—it's a trusted, shareable way to showcase your new skills.

About this course: In this anatomy course you will explore the organs involved in our food digestion and discover the common causes of abdominal and pelvic pain. The latest graphics and animations will help you to find new insights and understanding of this part of the body, that has been the focus of anatomical research for centuries and presently arouses renewed scientific interest. You will explore the 3D anatomy of the organs from a basic level, providing thorough anatomical understanding, to its advanced application in surgical procedures. This course will challenge you to discover and help you to understand the anatomy of the abdomen and pelvis in all its aspects, ranging from its embryological underpinnings, via digital microscopy to gross topography and its clinical applications. The course is unique in that it continuously connects basic anatomical knowledge from the lab with its medical applications and current diagnostic techniques. You’ll get the chance to discuss anatomical and clinical problems with peers and experts in forum discussions and you will receive guidance in exploring the wealth of anatomical information that has been gathered over the centuries. Follow us on an exciting journey through the abdomen and pelvis where you digest your food but also where new life starts!

Who is this class for: Beginners and professionals interested in Anatomy. This course is free, and will remain free for participants. You can purchase a certificate.

Created by:  Universiteit Leiden, Leiden University Medical Center
  • Taught by:  Marco De Ruiter, PhD, Professor of Clinical and Experimental Anatomy

    Leiden University Medical Centre
  • Taught by:  Paul Gobée, MD, Assistent professor of Anatomy

    Leiden University Medical Centre
  • Taught by:  Beerend P. Hierck, PHD., Associate professor of developmental biology

    Leiden University Medical Center
  • Taught by:  Daniël Jansma, MSc, E-Learning developer

    Leiden University Medical Centre
  • Taught by:  Bas Boekestijn, MD, Trainee Radiology

    Leiden University Medical Centre
  • Taught by:  Friso Jansen, Drs.

    Leiden University Medical Centre
Commitment 7 weeks of study, 4-6 hours/week Language English How To Pass Pass all graded assignments to complete the course. User Ratings 4.7 stars Average User Rating 4.7See what learners said Coursework

Each course is like an interactive textbook, featuring pre-recorded videos, quizzes and projects.

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Universiteit Leiden Leiden University is one of Europe's foremost research universities. This prominent position gives our graduates a leading edge in applying for academic posts and for functions outside academia. Leiden University is the oldest university in the Netherlands. It was founded in February 1575, as a gift from William of Orange to the citizens of Leiden after they had withstood a long siege by the Spanish. Our motto is: Praesidium Libertatis — Bastion of Liberty. Leiden University Medical Center

Syllabus


WEEK 1


Introduction



2 videos, 6 readings expand


  1. Video: Trailer: Anatomy of the Abdomen and Pelvis
  2. Video: Welcome and introduction
  3. Reading: Meet the instructors & the team
  4. Reading: Welcome to Leiden University!
  5. Reading: Graphic content warning
  6. Reading: Tips for studying online
  7. Reading: Being successful in an international virtual learning environment
  8. Reading: Behaving in an academic way
  9. Discussion Prompt: E-tivity: Introduce yourself


Mapping the abdomen and pelvis



Welcome to the first week of the course. Have you ever wondered what lies inside your abdomen? Do you know where the spleen or appendix is situated? Would you like to know how the physician looks at it and get the basics of a physical examination of the abdomen? Do you want to understand how all these structures can be seen on scans or X-rays? During this week you will get a better understanding of these things. We also lay the foundation for the following weeks of the course, like basic things to know about vascularization, the nervous system, embryology, and the wonderful membrane holding all these structures together: the peritoneum.


9 videos, 4 readings, 5 practice quizzes expand


  1. Video: Introduction 'Mapping the abdomen and pelvis'
  2. Video: Follow the food - A tour along the intestines
  3. Video: Anatomy on the table - 'Follow the food': A tour along the intestines
  4. Reading: Getting the names right
  5. Practice Quiz: Follow the food
  6. Video: What do you see if you open the abdomen
  7. Video: Anatomy on the table - What do you see if you open the abdomen
  8. Practice Quiz: 'What lies here doctor?'
  9. Video: Human Anatomy 101 - What you need to know
  10. Practice Quiz: What you need to know
  11. Reading: Links to some 101 readers
  12. Reading: Location of cross-sectional viewers
  13. Video: Working with the viewers
  14. Video: A tour of the abdomen and pelvis in the viewers
  15. Practice Quiz: Working with the viewers
  16. Reading: 'Reading' cross-sections
  17. Practice Quiz: Diving into the cross-sections
  18. Discussion Prompt: E-tivity: Diving deeper into the cross-sections (in-depth)
  19. Video: Summary of module ‘Mapping the abdomen’

Graded: Test your knowledge

WEEK 2


Trip into the gut



After the first introduction of the abdomen with all its organs, this week we will focus at some microscopy and the first stages of gut development in the embryo. The gut starts as a simple straight tube which differentiates further into a internalized tract with specialized sections, each with its own function. You will learn how the esophagus transports your food, while its lower sphincter prevents food from returning - even if you're upside down! Then you will focus on how the stomach drenches all food in an extremely acid pool, attacking ingested bacteria and starting the digestion. That same acid would also damage the duodenum, so protective action is required. You will follow the digestion further down the tract, with its extensive folds and specialized cells and end up with more and more solid bowel contents when water is extracted in the colon. In order to demonstrate some functions further, we also have to dive into the world of microscopy. Join us on this trip into the gut with all its ingenious structural specializations along the way!


10 videos, 9 readings, 3 practice quizzes expand


  1. Video: Introduction
  2. Reading: Histology 101: Some basics & links
  3. Video: Four layer model
  4. Video: Peristalsis and muscle layer orientation: in-depth
  5. Video: Esophagus histology at a glance
  6. Video: Stomach histology in a nutshell
  7. Video: GI Tract histology: Some practical pointers
  8. Reading: GI Tract histology: Short summary
  9. Video: A slice of the gut at a glance
  10. Reading: CASK GI Tract microscopy: Interactive tutorial
  11. Video: Introduction embryology and what happened before...
  12. Video: Folding of the embryo
  13. Video: Cavities
  14. Reading: Embryology 101: Holding or folding
  15. Practice Quiz: Basic embryology
  16. Discussion Prompt: E-tivity: Basic Embryology
  17. Reading: Anatomy on the table - Lower oesophagus
  18. Reading: Anatomy on the table - Stomach
  19. Reading: Anatomy on the table - The small intestines
  20. Reading: Anatomy on the table - The large intestines
  21. Reading: Anatomy on the table - The rectum and anus
  22. Practice Quiz: Anatomy on the table
  23. Discussion Prompt: E-tivity: Integration with the clinic - microscopy
  24. Practice Quiz: Integration with the clinic - macroscopy

Graded: Test your knowledge

WEEK 3


The gut and its 'suppliers and purchasers'



We discussed some microscopy before and the embryonic origin of the initial gut tube and how it differentiates into specialized sections for digestion. We will now focus on the question why the bowels are not arranged symmetrically left and right, like in the rest of our body, but are closely encircling and crossing over each other. With a unique 3D animation you will learn about the rotation of the gut during development. This key concept will help you to understand the anatomical relationships of the gut with its suppliers and purchasers. The gut cannot do it alone; it needs additional organs which supply digestive chemicals such as enzymes and bile and organs that process the absorbed food further. Both the gut and these organs also need a blood supply. You will learn where their blood vessels are situated. Also, the less prominent, but very important 'sewage' system, the lymphatics, will be dealt with. In the gut area, the lymphatics are specialized in transporting fats that are absorbed from the food! Lymphatic vessels also keep an eye on pathological invaders. Unfortunately they may also spread tumor cells. In short, this week's module is for everyone who is interested in the collaboration between the abdominal organs and the gut.


10 videos, 7 readings, 4 practice quizzes expand


  1. Video: Introduction
  2. Video: Histology: Some practical pointers
  3. Video: A slice of pancreas at a glance
  4. Reading: CASK microscopy blood vessels: In-depth interactive tutorial
  5. Reading: Liver histology in a nutshell
  6. Video: Liver histology at a glance
  7. Practice Quiz: Virtual sections to practise with and gallbladder quiz
  8. Video: Introduction
  9. Video: Gut rotation in the embryo
  10. Video: Animation
  11. Reading: Exercise embryology - Reading
  12. Video: Exercise embryology - Movie I (no audio)
  13. Video: Exercise embryology - Movie II (no audio)
  14. Video: Exercise embryology - Movie III (no audio)
  15. Practice Quiz: Exercise embryology - Quiz
  16. Reading: Liver
  17. Reading: Vascular system
  18. Reading: Pancreas
  19. Reading: Spleen
  20. Practice Quiz: Organs
  21. Practice Quiz: Integration with the clinic: A few cases

Graded: Test your knowledge

WEEK 4


Knowing your peritoneal relationships



You have already learned that the bowels are not arranged symmetrically left and right. The rotation processes of the gut and its suppliers have important consequences for the peritoneal coverings of the gut and the abdominal wall. It determines why some structures lie easily accessible in the abdomen and others are more hidden away. In this week you will get a grip on difficult concepts as 'intraperitoneal' and 'retroperitoneal'. It is also a starter week about abdominal surgery. You will also learn a secret: The best way to mobilize the abdominal and pelvic organs is to separate what got adhered when the patient was just an embryo! Please feel free to dive into these embryonic matters and enjoy all the twists and turns!


13 videos, 1 reading, 3 practice quizzes expand


  1. Video: Introduction 'The peritoneum - Why the surgeon needs embryology'
  2. Video: Why bother about the peritoneum
  3. Video: What makes understanding the peritoneum so difficult
  4. Video: The relation of the peritoneum to the gut
  5. Video: Locations of the intestines in relation to the peritoneum
  6. Video: Anatomy on the table - The three locations of organs in relation to the peritoneum
  7. Practice Quiz: Locations of the intestines in relation to the peritoneum
  8. Video: Peritoneal terminology: Introduction
  9. Reading: Reader Peritoneal terminology
  10. Practice Quiz: Exercise: Peritoneal terminology
  11. Video: Peritoneal development
  12. Video: Peritoneal development, step 0, model, Introduction
  13. Video: Peritoneal development, step 1, model, Rotation of stomach, duodenum, pancreas
  14. Video: Peritoneal development, step 2, model, Rotation of the bowels
  15. Video: Peritoneal development, step 3, model. Development of the greater omentum
  16. Video: Anatomy on the table - Peritoneal structures and relations – an overview
  17. Practice Quiz: Case: “I’m worrying about my stool”

Graded: Test your knowledge

WEEK 5


Protecting the internal organs



The abdominal body wall and the pelvis are the topics of this week. What happens if you push hard to pass a stool, or in reverse, how do you prevent unwantedly passing a stool when you sneeze or cough hard? It may not seem the most attractive area of the body, but the rectum and anus hold many intricacies and even nowadays new things are discovered! Weak areas in the body wall are a frequent cause of problems, for instance they can lead to inguinal hernias. You will learn about their complicated anatomy. And finally, we will dive deep in the pelvis and learn about its hidden gems: the internal genitals.


19 videos, 6 readings, 7 practice quizzes expand


  1. Video: Protecting the internal organs
  2. Video: Introduction of the abdominal wall
  3. Video: General principles of the body wall
  4. Video: From body wall to abdominal wall
  5. Video: Structures of the abdominal wall
  6. Video: Anatomy on the table - Demonstration of the superficial body wall
  7. Video: Anatomy on the table - Demonstration on the deep body wall
  8. Practice Quiz: Test your knowledge up till now
  9. Practice Quiz: Excercise The body wall in function: The muscles contract
  10. Practice Quiz: The body wall in function: Pregnancy
  11. Reading: Doctor, why do I have an oblique scar?
  12. Practice Quiz: Why do I have an oblique scar, doctor?
  13. Reading: CASK E-learning: The inguinal canal and hernias
  14. Video: The hidden importance of the pelvic floor
  15. Video: Urine and bowel continence
  16. Practice Quiz: Structures of the pelvic floor
  17. Discussion Prompt: E-tivity: Pros and cons of the episiotomy
  18. Video: Gems of the pelvis
  19. Video: Overview female pelvis
  20. Video: The extrauterine pregnancy
  21. Reading: OAH Viewer - The 3D pelvis; user instructions
  22. Video: How to use the OAH viewer
  23. Reading: OAH viewer – Start with the exercise
  24. Practice Quiz: OAH viewer
  25. Reading: OAH evaluation / survey
  26. Discussion Prompt: E-tivity: The pelvic organs
  27. Reading: Laparoscopy - Start with the excercise
  28. Video: Laparoscopy: normal pelvic organs (no audio)
  29. Video: Laparoscopy: normal pelvic organs with explanation (no audio)
  30. Video: Laparoscopy: Adnex extirpation 1 (no audio)
  31. Video: Laparoscopy: Adnex extirpation 1 with explanation (no audio)
  32. Video: Laparoscopy: Adnex extirpation 2 (no audio)
  33. Video: Laparoscopy: Adnex extirpation 2 with explanation (no audio)
  34. Practice Quiz: Laparoscopy

Graded: Test your knowledge

WEEK 6


Pain!



The course comes to an end with this last topic: Pain in my belly! Probably all of us have experienced abdominal pains and have witnessed its many different forms. Sometimes it can just be a slight discomfort, or it can come in waves of agony. The aches can develop gradually over several days, or strike suddenly as severe abdominal pain. In many cases the patient cannot easily locate the pain. Even shoulder pain can be caused by something going on in the abdomen! Abdominal pain is one of the most frequent reasons to seek medical attention. However, diagnosing the cause of the pain can be very difficult. Many different diseases may cause abdominal pain. Many of those do not require immediate treatment, yet others are life-threatening. The challenge is to correctly identify those dangerous cases that require prompt surgical intervention. You will learn the anatomical basis of pain and how to apply this knowledge in the diagnostic process. We will wrap up with an overview of several abdominal diseases that might all present themselves with pain.


11 videos, 5 readings, 5 practice quizzes expand


  1. Video: Anatomy of pain
  2. Video: Organisation of the nervous system
  3. Reading: Visceral innervation in depth
  4. Video: Anatomy on the table - Innervation of the viscera: Thorax
  5. Video: Anatomy on the table - Innervation of the viscera: Abdomen
  6. Video: Visceral stimuli
  7. Video: Types of abdominal pain
  8. Reading: The abdominal aorta aneurysm
  9. Discussion Prompt: E-tivity: The abdominal aortic aneurysm
  10. Reading: The brain of the gut
  11. Practice Quiz: Anatomic basics of pain
  12. Video: Visceral pain
  13. Practice Quiz: Visceral pain
  14. Video: Referred pain
  15. Reading: The referred area
  16. Practice Quiz: Exercise referred pain
  17. Reading: Reader Pain without a cause (in-depth)
  18. Video: From theory to practice
  19. Video: Evaluating abdominal pain
  20. Video: Examining the abdomen
  21. Practice Quiz: Migrating pain: From visceral to parietal
  22. Practice Quiz: The theory of practise: wrapping things up

Graded: Test your knowledge

WEEK 7


Concluding the MOOC





    Graded: Final quiz of the MOOC
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